Belgium (BE)

Belgium implemented its national cybersecurity strategy in 2013, Cyber Security (French and Dutch) and set up its Centre for Cyber Security (Dutch, French and English) in 2014. 

It covers 11 of the 15 strategic goals in the ENISA self-assessment classification. These goals are: Cybercrime; Citizen's awareness; Critical Information Infrastructure Protection; Engage in international cooperation; public-private partnership; incident response capability; institutionalised form of cooperation between public agencies; incident reporting mechanisms; R&D; cyber security exercises; training and educational programme.

Strategy for Defence was published in 2014 (English), where the main focus is on building up capacities to deal with the evolving threat landscape.






Education and research in the national strategy

The strategy highlights the need for educational courses tailored to diverse age groups and levels of knowledge up to university levels, the importance of cross-sector research and development, as well as of awareness-raising campaigns. 

The national Centre for Cybersecurity offers guidelines for home dwellers, schools, government and vital sectors, including dedicated support to hospitals as a direct impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the increasing threat landscape through 

It aims to boost cybersecurity knowledge through classes, courses, training and academic research, encouraging academic institutions to expand their range of cybsersecurity-related courses and subjects. 

Its practical advice and guidance in Dutch, French and English includes:

  • Citizens (At Home, Dutch and French).
  • Protecting computers and networks in a work environment (At Work, English) with a Cyber Security Kit and Guide for SMEs in English and Dutch.
  • Educational institutions (At School, English, with a list of master courses and other training courses).
  • Critical infrastructures (Vital Sectors, English, with cyber emergency response plan and early warning system for critical infrastructure).

The Belgian Cybercrime Centre of Excellence for Training, Research, and Education is the first main coordination and collaboration platform for actors from academia, government, and industry, involved in tackling cybercrime in Belgium. 

Higher Education Courses on Cybersecurity
  • Howest University of Applied Sciences – Bachelor of Applied Computer Science: Major in Cybersecurity. Year established: 2020. Student intake: 300. European Credit Transfer System (ECTS): 180. Focus: System security, network security, component security, SW security.  Preparation for professional certification: CEH, CompTIA Security+, CISSP, CISA, NCSF. 
  • Université Libre de Bruxelles, Université Catholique de Louvain, Université de Namur, Ecole Royale Militaire, HELB, ESI - Master of Science in Cybersecurity. Year established: 2016. Student intake: 50. European Credit Transfer System (ECTS): 120. Focus: System security, network security, component security, SW security. 
  • KU Leuven - Master of Electrical Engineering (ICT Security and Networks). European Credit Transfer System (ECTS): 120. Focus:  cryptography and information security; developing and managing mobile communication networks.
Other courses include: 

Solvay Business School of Economics and Managment: Key programmes for integrating trends in IT and Information Security Management, as well as effectively addressing the challenges of digital transformation: 

Solvay has been certifying professionals since 2001 in various domains of Digital Management and Governance, Risk management and Information and Cyber Security, encouraging its students to sit various exams and adding professional certification to their CVs. In 2018, most of its 450 students (alumni) has one or more certifications, e.g. CISSP, CISM, CISA, CGEIT, CRISC, TOGAF, ISO27001, 27005, 27034 certifications. 

Public-private Partnerships

The development of a public-private partnership is central to the mission of the Belgian Cybersecurity Centre, acting as an Information Sharing and Analysis Centres (ISAC) and tasked with the fostering of partnerships; information sharing and sharing of expertise and knowledge.

The Cyber Security Coalition is a partnership between players from the academic world, public authorities, CERTs/CSIRTs and the private sector aimed at boosting the national cybersecurity ecosystem, including CERTs/CSIRTs. 

The Coalition aims at raising Cyber Security Capability on a national level in 4 main areas:

  1. Experience sharing
  2. Operational collaboration
  3. Policies & recommendations
  4. Awareness raising

It offers diverse awareness tools: 

It also publishes annual reports: Activity Report 2020 (January 2021) and runs campaigns, for example:

IT/Cybersecurity Clusters

DSP Valley: A network for companies creating, applying, and adapting to electronic solutions and digital technologies.

Wallonia Cluster/INFOPOLE Cluster TIC: A network bringing together and federating ICT professionals to promote business and innovation through partnership. Key technologies and ecosystems include: data analytics, big data, AI/machine learning, cybersecurity, embedded systems/Internet of Things, software and apps. mobiles, cloud, digital simulation, Industry 4.0, e-health, smart energy, smart mobility, smart cities, smart farming. 

Latest Update & Disclaimer

January 2021. 

The information contained here is based on desk research carried out by, including the ENISA interactive maps on national strategies and educational courses. 




Cybersecurity Response Teams: Compliance with the GDPR and NIS Directive

Report a cyber incident to a national CERT/CSIRT


Best practices:

Safe on line guide, including different types of cyber attacks.

In 2017, Thales launched a new cyber-security center in Belgium. The platform used by the facility enables the validation of the security level of a system's architecture and data; allows cyber-security specialists to be trained in a representative environment of real systems; and to support Belgian businesses in developing products incorporating cyber-security in their design.

Six organizations -- the Royal Military Academy, the Free University of Brussels, the Université Catholique de Louvain, the University of Namur, the Haute Ecole de Bruxelles and the Haute Ecole Libre de Bruxelles – have launched a university program in cyber-security. Thales said its Cyberlab will be used as part of that program.

LSEC is an Information security cluster leading a unique PAN European Private partnership that interacts with Public Institutions.
LSEC activities aim to raise cyber security awareness, support innovation and competitiveness of the European IT- Security market and promote the visibility of its members.
With operations in the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and the UK, LSEC leads a unique PAN European Partnership with other renowned security clusters that interacts with European and international private partners, policy makers and public administration. Current partners include TeleTrusT (Germany), INTELLECT & ADS Group (UK), NSMC (Czech Republic), AMETIC & Cluster Seguridad (Spain), CYBERNETICA (Estonia), TNO (Netherlands), Euroclouds (Luxemburg) ISSA, ISACA, EEMA, OASIS, BELTUG, AGORIA ICT & AGORIA eHealth, SIRRIS, and more

Guidance and Updates provides updates on cyber alerts, e.g. Samba targeting IoT and NAS devices

It also has a showcase of testimonials from organisations that have been helped in dealing with cyber incidents.


Dutch, French, English

Latest update

January 2021. 

The information contained here is based on desk research. 


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